Blind spots start to develop when enough nerve fibers are impaired and causes problems in one's general field of vision.
The damages caused to nerves and vision is permanent. If left untreated, those with glaucoma may experience complete loss of vision within a couple of years. It often begins during old age and is often inherited.
Glaucoma is typically caused by the increase of pressure within the eye, which happens when the fluid is not circulating properly in the front part of the eye.
Other causes include bad eye infection, blocked blood vessels, eye inflammation, eye surgery and direct injury to the eye. It is often a problem for both eyes, though the severity of each eye can be different. Glaucoma is currently the main cause of blindness throughout the world. Detecting and treating glaucoma in its early stages can help preserve nerves from damage and prevent vision loss.
It is tricky to detect glaucoma because symptoms are hard to detect. There are some clues that one can be aware of as indications for eye problems. These include difficulties in adjusting vision in dark areas, difficulties focusing on objects both far and near, squinting due to glare, Iris color changes, double vision, lid problems such as redness or swelling, dark spots in vision, excessively watery eyes, severely dry eyes that cause burning or itching and seeing spots. It is best to see an eye doctor if any of these occur.
While glaucoma is unpreventable, if it is found and treated early on the effects of the disease tend to be controllable. It is best to have regular eye exams, especially for those with diabetes or the disease in family history.
Regular exercise is ideal for keeping the body healthy and tends to lower effects of many diseases.
It is important to protect your eyes when engaging in projects or activities that put your eyes at risk.
also check out:
- Caring for your eyes – how to relieve eye-tiredness and ways to relax eyes and de-stress
- What one can do as first-aid in case of accidental spraying of liquids such as household cleaners, perfumes, etc. in the eyes
- What is Macular Degeneration? What Causes It? What are some of the Steps that one can take to Prevent/Control it?
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