It is beneficial to the body by encouraging muscle relaxation, reducing pain, reducing joint pressure and increasing joint activity.
Hydrotherapy can be used for such a wide variety of mental and physical problems because it encourages exercise and increases their ability to enjoy life. It has also been found to speed up recovery and help the healing process. Aside from these reasons, hydrotherapy also encourages relaxation and reduces stress.
A physiotherapist or their assistant is there to make sure the exercises are understood and executed properly. A number of the exercises improve strength and movement range. It is much less strenuous on the body than aquarobics, a form of water aerobics, due to its slow movements and controlled techniques.
The patient is in the water in the entire time of the treatment. The depth of the water depends on the activities that will be performed and the patients comfort level. Some activities are performed solely by the patient while the therapist guides others.
The majority of activities add strength to the muscles, relieve tension on the spine and encourage joint movement. Even if the patient does not have much range of motion outside of the water, the ability to perform the exercises in the water is greatly increased and more effective. It is common to feel mild soreness, as with any new work out, after the treatments.
Other types of hydrotherapy include baths, sauna, compresses, wraps and Sitz baths. Baths should take place in warm water and last for about half an hour. It is recommended to add Epsom salts, sea salts or essential oils to make the most out of the bath. Saunas and steams use heat to relieve the body of pain or symptoms. A Sitz bath is comprised of 2 containers of water (a hot and cold one) and switching between both. The use of both hot and cold water reduces inflammation and encourages circulation.