The pinyon pine species will require 18 months to be fully matured; however, the maturity of the tree and its cones can only be completed under favorable environmental conditions.
Once the pine nut is fully open and dry, you can easily extract the seed in different ways. The most commonly and practically used extracting method is repeatedly striking the burlap bag that contains cones against a rough surface so the cones will shatter; then, you can simply separate the seed from the scraps by hand.
Pine nuts contain calories, carbohydrates, fats, fibers, protein, and cholesterol.
Additionally, pine nuts are especially rich in monounsaturated fats such as oleic acid that helps reduce LDL cholesterol levels and helps increase HDL cholesterol levels in the blood. Based on studies, antioxidants, vitamins and monounsaturated fats help prevent stroke and coronary artery disease by supporting the health of the blood lipids.
Since pine nuts are rich in antioxidants, they provide protection for the cells against damage caused by free radicals. Pine nuts are also rich in iron that helps increase the hemoglobin blood levels. Magnesium is also found in pine seeds; this helps relieve tension, fatigue and muscle cramps.
Similar to almonds, pine nuts are also rich in vitamin E. Every 100 grams of pine nuts contains approximately 9.33 mg magnesium. Vitamin E is an essential fat-soluble antioxidant and is needed to maintain healthy skin, mucus membranes, and cell membranes by providing protection against harmful free radicals.
Moreover, pine nuts are rich in essential nutrients such as selenium, zinc, magnesium, potassium, and manganese. Every 100 grams of pine nuts contains 8.802 mg manganese making pine nuts one of the foods that are key manganese sources. Manganese is an essential co-actor for superoxide dismutase, an antioxidant enzyme.
So, eating pine nuts helps the human body develop protection against infection and helps remove free radicals.
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