What are Runes?
Like the Tarot, many Runes can be either right-side up or downside down. The meanings will vary depending on the situation. Some Runes cannot be viewed upside down. The Runes can be made from ceramic, stones, sticks, or cards.
History of how Runes Divination evolved over the centuries...
Later, these picto-glyphs evolved into abstract glyphs composed of lines that resembled no particular objects. The names given to these glyphs indicate that there was power for those who could use them. These glyphs were known as Runes from the Gothic Runa meaning "a secret thing, a mystery."
Runemal (or the casting of Runes) was used to predict the future using the Runic letter, Runastafr. Runes could be inscribed on tools, weapons, and rocks as well as other personal items. The clergy also used Runes as an alternative to the Latin alphabet.
It is believed that Runes are derived from a northern Etruscan alphabet, which was used by Italic tribes of the Eastern Alps. These Runes may have been created by the Bohemians.
Runes have been used since the beginning to cast lots and to invoke higher powers that could influence man's luck. Runes could influence the weather, harvest, tides, love, healing, and curses.
Traditionally, it was easy to identify the ‘Practitioner of Runemal’ by their clothing. According to the 13th-century author of the "Saga of Erik the Red", she wore a cloak with stones at the hem. A hood with white catskins was wrapped around her neck, covering her head. She carried in one hand a staff that had a knob at the end. On her belt she held her long gown and a charm pouch. This passage also shows that many Rune Masters were women. The Runes became more standardized throughout Europe as time passed.
In some areas, the Runes could be as many as 36 or as small as 16. These were the basic Runes or futhark, which comprised 24 of them. Futhark is derived from the first six Runes. There were three families each of eight Runes, each named after the Norse Gods Hagal, Freyr and Tyr.
These three aettir, as they were called were:
- Freyr's Eight: Fehu, Uruz, Thurisaz, Ansuz, Raido, Kano, Gebo, Wunjo
- Hagal's Eight: Hagalaz, Nauthiz, Isa, Jera, Eihwaz, Perth, Algiz, Sowelu
- Tyr's Eight: Teiwaz, Berkana, Ehwaz, Mannaz, Laguz, Inguz, Othila, Dagaz.
Anglo-Saxons are often credited with spreading Runes and Runecraft throughout Europe. It is regrettable that the Rune Masters, who died more than 300 years ago, took with them the true art and craft of Rune casting. Though in our modern times, Ralph Blum, a retired Rune Master, has been trying to reinstate this ancient art. He has researched into old books and manuscripts to find Rune references and revive this ancient Gothic tradition.
Oracle And Divination
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