During the entire phase of the Pitru Paksha, we should pay homage to all our ancestors. This helps to not only strengthen our connection to them but also allows us to pay off our ancestral karmic debt. After all, who we are is greatly determined by our ancestry and our genetics.
Typically, in the Hindu culture, a special prayer called shraddha is performed each year on death anniversary of a person. But there are times when the actual death date may not be known. We can perform the Shraddha prayers for all such relatives on this day. This is the reason why Mahalaya Amavasya Shraddha is also known as Sarvapitra (all ancestors) Moksha (liberation) Amavasya.
Key prayers for Mahalaya Amavasya include performing Tarpana to the Devas (beneficial forces of this Universe), Rishis (our Gurus and Teachers) and our Pitris.
Offering food to our Pitris (our ancestors) and learned people such as the Brahmin-priests, conducting charity and donations along with performing a complete Shraddha ceremony for our Pitris.
Thanking our ancestors and obtaining their blessings, not only reduces our ancestral karmic debt (our pitru roon) but also helps to remove challenging obstacles in our life (caused from karmic debts) and thus smoothen our life-path.
Wish you all a very blessed Mahalaya Amavasya…