Each Veda has got a mantra that is written by the divine source while the following stanza is an explanation of that mantra which was written by these Vedic seers. Rishis are also thus called ‘drastara’ that is, a person who has seen those mantras during the ‘Tapasya’. Construction of Rigaveda alone involved around 400 rishis and the mantras deciphered by each rishi have been recorded in the ‘Brahmana’ or the second part of each mantra.
Few of these rishis are - Guru Vishwamitra, Angiras, Vasishta, Gritsmada, Vamadeva and many more. Each of the hymns deciphered by these rishis is named according to the person who deciphered the hymn and is clubbed and given the title according to the same. For example Rishi Angirasa deciphered about 3,619 hymns whereas Rish Vashista deciphered about 1,267 hymns.
Viewing the truth - Vedas
During the Penance, rishis used to control each and every inch of their body and did deep meditation. During this meditation the rishis used to see and hear Mantras pronounced by the God himself. The spirit of these mantras were then recited and written by these rishis and transferred to the common man for their knowledge of truth about cosmos. Each mantra in the Rigveda is written in a proper sequence.
A mantra contains the authorship – that is, which rishi wrote the mantra, the deity from which the rishi acquired the mantra and the meaning of the mantra. Each rishi had to perform a long penance for years and years to acquire knowledge of truth about a single Mantra. His penance was only successful when he could actually have a conversation with god and the almighty himself whispered the Vedic mantras to the rishis. No common men without performing such ‘Tapasya’ can have a conversation directly with the god. Rishis are a link between god and the common man.
‘Sruti’ and the Vedic Seers
Rishis are Mantra-Drastas – or the viewer of the Mantras. A real sage writes the Mantra which is not constructed by him, but told by the god. Hence Vedas are a discovery, discovered by the rishis and not an invention created by him. Hence, the concept of Sruti applies to these Vedic Seers. The knowledge given by god is remembered by these Vedic Seers.